Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul ( 17 August 1932 – 11 August 2018), known as Vidia Naipaul or V. S. Naipaul, was a British writer who won the 2001 Nobel Prize for Literature. He was born in Trinidad in a family with Indian roots. He resided in England and traveled across and wrote about India, Africa, the Islamic world, and South and North America in his novels and non-fiction works. He is known for his comic early novels set in Trinidad and Tobago, his bleaker later novels of the wider world, and his autobiographical chronicles of life and travels. He published more than thirty books, both of fiction and nonfiction, over some fifty years.